The Flu Vaccine Is Little Effect On Men

The Flu Vaccine Is Little Effect On Men.


The flu vaccine is less useful for men than women, and researchers at Stanford University find credible they've figured out why. The masculine hormone testosterone causes genes in the immune set to produce fewer antibodies, or defense mechanisms, in response to the vaccine, they found pre ejaculation pills dischem. "Men, typically, do worse than women in unsusceptible response to infection and vaccination," said Stanford research accomplice David Furman, the lead study investigator.



For instance, men are more susceptible to bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infection than women. And men's inoculated systems don't counter as robustly as women's to vaccinations against flu, yellow fever, measles, hepatitis and many other diseases mexico. For the study, published online Dec 23, 2013 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers analyzed the blood of nearly 90 adults after they received a seasonal flu shot.



Men with the highest testosterone levels had the worst retort to the flu vaccine across the board. Testosterone is tied to notable manful animal characteristics, such as muscle strength, beard growth and risk-taking. "We found a set of genes in men that when activated caused a mediocre response to the vaccine, but were not involved in female response. Some of these genes are regulated by testosterone".



It's testosterone's purpose on these genes that causes the poor vaccine response. "This has a lot of implications for vaccine development". Vaccine return might be better if men were given twice the dose, he suggested, or maybe if testosterone levels were reduced. The whole picture isn't real clear or simple. Men's weaker response to the flu vaccine is only seen for some strains of flu.



So "We don't distinguish why". One expert doesn't think testosterone alone explains the contrariety in vaccine response between men and women. "There is more involved, but testosterone does affect the protected response," said Dr Alan Mensch, medical director at North Shore-LIJ Plainview Hospital in Plainview, NY Mensch doesn't into it's necessary to increase vaccine doses for men. Rather, he thinks women can get by with a stoop dose.



And "There isn't a contrast in the amount of protection from flu. Women just don't need as much vaccine". In this study, which knotty 53 women and 34 men, researchers found that, in general, women had a stronger antibody effect to the vaccine. This was consistent with findings from other studies, the authors noted. However, men with feeble testosterone levels had an antibody response similar to women.



Furman's team also noticed that the labour of certain genes in men, but not women, was associated with a weakened antibody response to the flu vaccine. When they looked at virile testosterone levels in relation to gene activity, they saw increased activation of the Module 52 genes in men with inebriated testosterone levels. This resulted in reduced antibody forging for the flu, the researchers concluded.



But in women, activation levels of Module 52 genes had no significant influence on flu antibody levels, the study authors noted. Some Module 52 genes are known to be associate to the immune system. The connections between these genes and testosterone might be a end for further study and drug development.



One unanswered question is what evolutionary purpose is served by having testosterone connected to the insusceptible system. It's possible that an overly robust invulnerable response might be more dangerous than the disease itself. For example, women with their robust immune responses are twice as expected as men to die from infections that invade the blood system herbalms com. So dialect mayhap a somewhat less robust immune system can be lifesaving for men, he suggested.

tag : vaccine women testosterone response genes levels study antibody system

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